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the uprising in libya. rebels move to create a new government in that country while the white house takes a strong line. moammar gadhafi must go. the lightest -- the latest in live reports coming up. a stroke of luck or just a plain mirk snl that's what a couple is calling their survival story after being stuck in a snow bank for five days. you're going to hear their amazing story of survival, next. spring break deals. why it's not just for college kids anymore. that's right. we're sending you to somewhere sunny. and going for the gold. a preview of what you can expect at tonight's oscars. predictions on the big winners. straight ahead. hi there, everybody. great to have you with me today. i'm thomas roberts. alex witt has the day off. welcome to "msnbc sunday." big developments to talk about this hour in libya-w a critical
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move by anti-government protesters trying to establish an alternative government. a member of the city council in benghazi says cities under rebel control have now appointed an ex-justice minister to lead a provisional government. also this morning rebels say they now have control of the city closest to the capital of tripoli. meanwhile, the international community is taking new steps in response to the deadly crackdown on anti-government demonstrators. the united nations security council unanimously voted to impose sanctions on moammar gadhafi, his four sons, and one daughter. the council also banked a travel ban on the gadhafi family as well as ten associates. >> this is a clear warning to the libyan government that it must stop the killing. those who slaughter civilians will be held personally accountable. the international community will not tolerate violence of any sort against the libyan people by their government or security
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forces. >> and president obama is ratcheting up the pressure on gadhafi. for the first time he's urging the libyan leader to leave power and do so immediately. nbc chief foreign correspondent richard engel is live in benghazi, libya, and richard, what's the latest from there? >> reporter: right now the opposition is trying to form this alternative government. we have also seen thousands of people going to the rebel headquarters in central benghazi and signing up to be volunteers. some people are donating money. they are donating their cars. they are donating weapons. and also donating themselves to join the fight for tripoli, the fight to topple gadhafi. gadhafi is presenting this now not as an internal struggle to topple his own regime and him personally but as an international conspiracy and says that libyans must unite to stop the rebels, who he says he maintains are drug addicts inspired by al qaeda, and the american influence.
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so he sees the world conspiring against him. >> richard, what's the sense there in terms of anti-government protesters actually getting closer to ousting gadhafi and actually taking over all of tripoli? >> reporter: the problem here is geography. they have control of eastern libya. they have control of benghazi entirely. they are administering the city. there were traffic police who are now under the control of the rebels, who are working with the rebels, out with whistles trying to prevent traffic jams. the banks in this city opened up today. but between here and tripoli are still about 650, 700 miles of open land where they don't control, that are instead controlled by tribes that are loyal to gadhafi. it's not a heavily populated area, but it is certainly unfriendly area. so you have a very -- you have a large cluster of control, maybe half the country that has fallen
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to the rebels. then they have to reach over this large section of dessert where tribes will stay loyal to gadhafi until probably the very end. this is the same family group. and then you have some relatively small pockets of fighting around tripoli and within the libyan capital itself. so they have control here, and they're trying to inspire some fighting in the capital. but getting the people here to there remains their biggest challenge. and that's what they were trying to do today. gather the names of thousands of people who would be willing to make that desert traverse and go fight in tripoli. >> and richard, where is gadhafi now as we understand it? >> reporter: last reports are that he is in tripoli or in the surrounding areas. but that he is -- remains in the country and he says he will die here. his son saif had a quote that he said "our plan a is to live and die in tripoli.
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plan b is to live and die in tripoli. and plan c is to live and die in tripoli." so we're hearing a very consistent message from the gadhafi family that they're not going anywhere. >> richard engel in benghazi, libya for us this morning. richard, thank you. new word this morning from a top republican on the situation in libya. senator john mccain, who's been traveling in the middle east, joined nbc's david gregory on "meet the press." he was asked what steps the u.s. should take to stop the violence. >> we could impose and could have imposed a no-fly zone. they would have stopped flying if that had been imposed. so using air power and helicopters to continue these massacres. i'm not ready to use ground forces or further intervention than that. look, gadhafi's days are numbered. the question is how many. and how many people are going to be massacred before he leaves one way or the other. >> let's bring in nbc white house correspondent mike viqueira. mike, is a no-fly zone something
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the administration has now been considering? >> reporter: yes, they are. in fact, that is something on the table. there are concerns primarily coming from the pentagon, we are told, however, thomas. you know, it's interesting. robert gates, the secretary of defense, of course, has served under both republican and democratic administrations. he gave a speech at west point on friday. when he said something very interesting. he said the next president, who sends ground troops into the middle east, into asia or into north africa ought to "have his head examined." he was paraphrasing general george macarthur -- douglas macarthur, rather. but something that turned out to be rather controversial. now, the pentagon is known to be concerned about not having the proper assets in the region, in the mediterranean, in order to conduct a no-fly zone, impose a no-fly zone, much like what was done in bosnia and iraq. they're also concerned that logistically you can't cover a country as large as libya and anything that happened would have to necessarily be confined to the skies over tripoli.
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now, the united states has largely taken the lead here over the last 24 hours, but before that there was a great deal of criticism that it wasn't doing enough. of course it was friday night after americans had been evacuated from tripoli when the united states and the administration announced a new round of sanctions, freezing assets, shuttering the embassy in tripoli. then yesterday for the first time the president let it be known that he thinks it's time for gadhafi to go. secretary of state hillary clinton echoed those sentiments in a statement she put out just after that. she is on her way today over towards europe for a security council on libya. the president meets tomorrow here. but the u.n. secretary-general ban ki moon, after that body's security council voted 15-0, to impose sanctions of its own on libya and the gadhafi family, thomas. >> mike viqueira at the white house. mike, thank you. protesters in wisconsin are facing a deadline today. capitol police say they have to be cleared out of the state house by 4:00 p.m. they have been camped out there in protest of the governor's
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plans to cut the benefits and bargaining power of public unions in the state. the governor's proposal is making waves nationwide. hundreds of union supporters gathered in atlanta, georgia in solidarity with wisconsin workers. in philadelphia protesters gathered at love park, carrying signs supporting unions in wisconsin and in their home state. and the crowd was also in the hundreds on the steps of boston's state house on saturday. supporters of the tea party are wrapping up a three-day policy summit in arizona today. the event drew thousands of conservative voters in an effort to keep the pressure on washington to cut the budget and shrink the size of government. >> the tea party, with all the enthusiasm and passion they have, they need to target those ideas that are really going to make some change. >> this is a very vocal group and it's very important because it can have a lot of influence and they've already had a lot of influence back in washington. >> congressman ron paul, who we just heard from there, wasn't
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the only potential presidential candidate to attend the event. former minnesota governor tim pawlenty was also on hand for it. a measles warning this morning for travelers and workers at four u.s. airports. public health officials say a new mexico woman later confirmed to have the disease arrived at washington dulles international airport from london last sunday. two days later she left from bwi, thurgood marshall airport near baltimore and flew to denver and then on to albuquerque. authorities are trying to notify travelers who sat close to her on these flights. the 27-year-old woman had not been immunized against measles. after spending nearly a week trapped in a snowbound car a couple from washington state is home safe and sound today thanks to a remarkable stroke of luck they both say saved their lives. nbc's lee cowan has more of the story of how they survived and their miraculous rescue. >> reporter: in the shadow of mount st. helens high in the cascade mountains john and pat navell set out on/winter
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photography trip. the scenery didn't disappoint. but the weather did. >> the snow that was on here was this high on the jeep. >> reporter: just past some remote lava tubes that have become attractive to cave hikers the couple's jeep slid into a ditch way out of cell phone reach and alone. that was last monday. >> and we knew all we could do was just sit there and wait. >> reporter: both are diabetic, and their insulin medication was back at home, where a worried family had put out the call on facebook but got nothing. >> where did they go? what did they do? there's no trace of them, you know. >> reporter: five days the couple persevered in temperatures hovering in the teens, turning the car's heater on and off in shifts, trying to ration their gas. >> this saved our life. this little guy right here. >> reporter: the only thing they had to drink was snow. it melted in water bottles. >> i figured somebody's going to come by. but i didn't think it was going to take them five days. >> reporter: but on friday, just as their gas had nearly run out,
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john saw what his wife thought was surely a hallucination. a group of campers with a truck. >> and she said, "do you need any help?" god, what do you mean? yes, yes! >> reporter: that, it turns out, was the most beautiful thing they'd seen the whole trip. one meant to last only a few hours, not five long days. lee cowan, nbc news, los angeles. mother nature and old man winter are making a mess of things out west. california's been hit with a combination of hail, snow, ice, and rain for several days now. even the southern parts of the state like san diego saw some snow. spring can't come soon enough, right? joining us live again with an update is the weather channel's alex wallace. hey there, alex. good morning. >> how's it going? good morning to you indeed. we're tracking that same system that brought some of that snow to parts of the west coast. it's now moving a little bit farther east, and it's going to be a big story for us in the coming days, sparking some potential strong to severe
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storms. also seeing some lingering snow showers in the northeast, an area that needs more snow, but here we go, in and around boston, snow showers, that's beginning to wane fours so we'll see that ending as we work our way through the afternoon hours and some good news there. as we track our way back to the southwest, this is the area, the energy that's going to spark off that thunderstorm activity later on today. it doesn't look very impressive right now. but it's getting caught up in some of the mountains, terrain, and the radar's having a tough time checking it out. here's the satellite. you can sort of see it spinning here. thaen ji as it works its way into the middle of the country, that's what we're going to see later on this afternoon and into the evening, the risk for strong to severe storms out there. some of the risks out there for us going to be damaging winds in excess of 60 miles an hour. we could be looking at tornados and large hail. a pretty large area here shaded in red with that threat for this evening and into tonight. thomas? >> alex, thanks for the update. much appreciated. so what to expect next as the international response to the violence in libya steps up? also, what's behind the timing of the president's call for gadhafi to step down?
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we'll examine. also, some new numbers expected this week on unemployment. is the future finally looking brighter for americans? there may be signs of life. and if you're having a hard time making simple decisions like what kind of coffee to order, you're not alone. why our brains are more overloaded now than ever. this is "msnbc sunday." ♪ how bizarre, how bizarre the motorola xoom tablet.
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welcome back, everybody. msnbc is the place for politics, and it's a busy day at the white house tomorrow. president obama will meet with a bipartisan group of governors before turning his attention to the u.n. and the international response to the violence in libya. jonathan capehart is an msnbc
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contributor and editorial writer for the "washington post." jonathan, great to see you today. >> hey, good morning, thomas. >> president obama called on libya's dictator now to step down, saying this yesterday less than 24 hours after the white house was sidestepping this topic. so what do you make of the timing of all of this, the quick turnaround? >> the timing is related to the departure of the last of american personnel out of libya. the "washington post" today on the front post has a story about some of the behind-the-scenes concerns, and it was the white house telegraphed this concern last week in meetings and calls with various reporters and others to make it clear that the obama administration was very concerned about americans on the ground there. and so once that plane was off the ground in libya on friday, you know, you start -- the white house issued statement after statement talking about sanctions. the executive order freezing assets and all sorts of other things that the president could
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do, power at his disposal, to really ratchet up the pressure on gadhafi. and then what we saw in his call with german chancellor angela merkel, where he said for the first time that the libyan leader needed to go. so you're seeing lots of things happening out of washington and out of the security council in new york once that happened. >> let's talk about that. the president meeting with the u.n. secretary-general tomorrow. again, the u.s. has frozen all libyan assets. and the u.n. voted for the sanctions. so what could be next toward libya and moammar gadhafi from the international community? >> well, the sanctions, i believe, is really just basically the first step. there are other things at the u.n.'s disposal, and a lot of it has to do right now with -- i mean, for instance, no-fly zones and other pressures on the libyan leader. but really i think the u.n. and president obama and secretary-general ban ki moon have to talk about what do they do if gadhafi really goes off the deep end? we already know that forces
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loyal to him have been firing on protesters indiscriminately. mass killings. if he takes that a step further by, say, using chemical weapons against his own people, the pressure will really be on the international community to not just say something but do something. >> jonathan, i want to get your insight on what's taking place in this country, what's going on in wisconsin. president obama expressing his support for the unions. what do you think's going to happen with all of this? especially with the president meeting with the governors currently right now? this is both sides coming into washington, d.c. how do you think that's going to be a hot topic for their meet sngz. >> well, sure, it's a hot topic. one, because all of those governors are facing budget shortfalls, you know, totaling in either the hundreds of millions or billions of dollars. they each have to go about it in their own way that suits, you know, their constituencies in their various states. but what we're seeing is the man everyone's talking about is governor scott walker of wisconsin. but he -- and he's a republican
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governor who's really going after the public service unions. but he's not the only republican governor who's had to deal with budget shortfalls and deal with the public service unions, and he's going about it in a way where other republican governors are not exactly rallying to his side and rallying to his cause. you've got chris christie in new jersey. you've got governor snyder in michigan, who again he also has similar problems to scott walker but he's not taking the confrontational tone. he's actually sitting down and talking with public service unions, public employee service unions to come up with solutions to close budget gaps. >> jonathan capehart, nbc. jonathan, great to see you, as always. >> you too, thomas. a much-needed glimmer of hope could come this week for the jobs market. we're going to tell you what to expect. and up next, who's going to bring home an oscar tonight? a look at some predictions. this is "msnbc sunday." it's you. naturally, blame the mucus.
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welcome back. looking ahead to the week on wall street, big news is expected on the jobs front. on friday we're going to get the february jobs report from the labor department. some economists think we'll see five times as many new hires as we saw in january. before that we're going to find out how many cars all the automakers sold in february. detroit's big three have racked up huge gains over the past year. and will they strike or won't they? it's the big question. the national football league's contract with its players expiring thursday night. the nfl and the union are expected to return to washington for another day of federal mediation on tuesday. so spring is still weeks away. can't get here soon enough. and given how cold it's been, this is the time of year when a warmer climate calls out to all of us, saying come, see me. whether you're a college kid looking to blow off steam or a tourist trying to escape the enduring chill of winter, there's plenty of places to go and warm up. here to talk with me now about some of these fun in the sun hot
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spots is editor and travel expert josie miller. i've been telling you i'm battling a little cold here. >> i know. i feel terrible. >> so i need a warm spot so i can go dry out. >> well, we have plenty for you. >> all right. good. a while book it seemed like spring break was really just for college kids but that has opened up. it's big business for any age, correct? >> definitely. it's 12i8 huge for college kids, but parents are taking their kids when they're on spring break. so lots of opportunities for travel this time of year. >> so explain to all of us some of the cities that made your list. panama city and miami beach, two big florida towns. >> exactly. miami more of a high roller spring break destination. lots of vip hot spots, great shopping and nightlife, and of course that great cuban coffee the morning after when you -- >> need it the most. >> -- when you're a little slow. and panama city beach is on the gulf coast right there on the panhandle. it's really popular this time of year coming on the year anniversary of the oil spill. so you can be -- feel a little less guilty about your debauchery i guess when you're there.
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>> and if you're a little more seasoned than the college kids, is miami the better pick -- >> probably. it's a little bit younger and there's a little more there to choose from, more of something for everybody kind of location. >> i'm getting dreamy just looking at these pictures. both cancun and playa del carmen in mexico also ranked for you. beautiful locales. and not to be a buzz kill but there's a question should people have concern about certain safety when it comes to the areas given violence in the country itself now in mexico? >> right. you always have to be alert when you're traveling. absolutely. but these are very popular destination as mong tourists, so they tend to be very safe. people love cancun and playa del carmen for those beautiful crystal clear caribbean waters. if you find a great airfare to the cancun airport, you'd fly into that airport for both of them. cancun is more of a college area this time of year for spring breakers. the kind of place that would make the booze cruise famous. playa del carmen a little bit tamer. but the great thing about both these places you have a lot of
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accommodation options between hotels and vacation options, which are getting more and more popular, where you can save a lot of money, get a lot more space. i know when i was going on spring break in panama city beach back in the day a bunch of girls piled into one little hotel room, we were sleeping on the floor-o i wish we had investigated vacation rentals back then. >> it's much easier now given the internet -- >> trip advisor has a calculator where you can compare hotel versus vacation rental to see if it makes sense. >> if we gave you the computer right now and you went to trip, where would you book the trip to go? ? i love the maya riviera in mexico where cancun and playa del carmen are. i that i playa del carmen would be for me right now. >> josie, great to see you. thank you for coming in and making us all daydream about where we can go. information overload. how all the texting and tweeting that you do may make it harder for you to think. back with more after this. [ female announcer ] splenda® no calorie sweetener is sweet...
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hi, everybody. welcome back to "msnbc sunday." i'm thomas roberts. alex has the day off. new this morning, senator john mccain says the u.s. should have done more in the past to address what's become a wave of revolution in the middle east. on "meet the press" david gregory asked the arizona republican how the u.s. should reassess our interest there. >> first of all, i'm not sure that this winds of change are going to be confined to blowing just in the arab world in the maghreb. i think it's going to be all over the world, to wit what's happening in china and other countries around the world. second of all, return to our fundamentals, and that is that all of us are endowed are certain inalienable rights, respect democracy, further it, recognize that the longer there's a dictatorship the bigger the explosion is going to be once that -- people become dissatisfied enough.
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recognize that we have to assist these countries and it is in our national interest to do so. >> you can catch that full interview right here on msnbc. we're going to bring you today's "meet the press" coming up at 2:00 p.m. eastern time. a member of the benghazi city council in libya says the cities under rebel control have appointed an ex-justice minister to lead a provisional government. but leader moammar gadhafi is refusing to step down, and he's cracking down very hard on the centers in the capital of tripoli by arming pro-government supporters and septembering up checkpoints. joining me now live from washington, d.c. is msnbc military analyst and retired u.s. army general barry mccaffrey. sir, it's good to see you. the u.n. security council has voted to slap these sanctions now on gadhafi, but what are the -- what good, though, explain, are these sanctions going to do and how lorng is it going to take for them to have some real significant impact? >> i think in the short run it undoubtedly is the right thing to do. you've got to have international condemnation of the atrocities going on.
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possibly hundreds being murdered. you know, the libyan armed forces and the militias loyal to gadhafi actually shooting people down coming out of mosques. so there is some benefit. by the way, i think the elites in libya, whether they're military or secret police or political leadership, do not want to be banned from international travel. they're in and out of italy and france and the united states. their money is abroad. so i think it's a bold and useful step to help these poor people in libya. >> what good is this provisional government that's trying to be set up and does that give gadhafi and his pro-administration supporters a target to take out? >> well, i think the -- it seems clear to most of us watching this, gadhafi never gets this back in the bag. he's lost a good bit of the country already. the armed forces is fragmenting. we've seen libyan pilots defecting to malta with their aircraft and dumping their
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aircraft at sea rather than bombing their own people. that's all good news. what is not clear is how this tribal society, a giant empty land with lots of oil, organizes itself after gadhafi's gone. so this is good news, that someone is emerging and some notion that there will be an organized entity to rule when eventually gadhafi and his four children are gone. >> when you say eventually, what's your sense of how long something like this can go on? >> i think it's unknowable. but what we've seen is just an unbounded ferocity on the part of gadhafi to try and retain power. so there doesn't seem to be any signs of weakening. and as the international community has come together and hemmed him in, it's hard to think where they would flee now. so i think the rat's in the trap and he's going to fight to the end and this could be a very bitter, unpleasant experience. thank god the administration was able to get americans out. the uk's done the same thing.
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the chinese. because we might have seen a replay of the iranian embassy hostage situation if they hadn't been so skillful in the manner they handled it. >> do you envision any type of u.s. or international forces going into libya, needing to go into libya? >> well, i think on the face of it we'd be ill-advised to take on another land intervention in a large arab country where the outcome would be uncertain. having said that, i'm sure right now there are multiple contingency operations being looked at on what might force international nato intervention. certainly one of them might well be the employment of chemical weapons on a mass scale against his own people. >> and just because, as we've been watching by example, the shaky political -- geopolitical landscape there in the middle east, are there other places, other hot spots that we should be keeping our eye on right now that maybe just aren't making it on our radar? >> watching that film clib of senator mccain's interview on
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"meet the press," it's very interesting. it's all over. the most concerning to us as americans, i would suggest, is the shia-sunni fult line. the gcc persian gulf states. bahrain specifically. saudi arabia. but we're seeing it in places where there are ruthless dictators who will murder their people, also. the syrians, the iranians. so the clampdown's going to be pretty extreme. it's hard to imagine some of these nations like the chinese allowing protests to get out of control. so we may be seeing a lot more bloodshed in the coming months. >> general mccaffrey, great to see you. thank you, sir. >> good to be with you. some other news making headlines this morning, a hazmat crew is on the site of a freight train derailment on the banks of the puget sound in washington. 14 cars derailed, most of them themmy but four contained a toxic chemical. one car leaked 20 gallons of this substance.
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cardinal roger mahoney of los angeles is retiring today. mahoney has been the head of the nation's largest auchlds for 25 years. his reputation came under fire from his handling of the church's sex abuse scammed. in his retirement mahoney plans to dedicate himself full-time to the fight for immigration reform. shuttle astronauts are sleeping in this morning after staying up late to finish the first job of their mission. the "discovery" crew docked with the international space station then attached an equipment platform to it. astronauts go on their first spacewalk coming up tomorrow. so hollywood's hottest celebrities better prepare for a cold reception at the oscars tonight. forecasters say an arctic blast will be crashing the academy awards ceremony completely uninvited, making the red carpet walk a chilly affair with temps possibly in the 40s. let's get to our final oscar predictions now from amy palmer, senior editor with "in touch weekly." amy, good to see you. >> good morning. >> the chill is completely unwelcome there on the red carpet tonight. >> it is. but it's finally here after all these weeks of talking and
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speculating. we finally have some endings to this. >> let's get into the meat here. let's start with best actress. we're going to put up a full screen and show the talented ladies. from natalie portman, annette bening, jennifer lawrence, nicole kidman, michelle williams. your pick. >> it's natalie portman. >> definitively, natalie portman. >> absolutely. if you look at her in this film, she absolutely transformed herself into this ballerina. she worked out for five months, hours a day. and when you see this performance, not only physically transformative but emotionally. she talked about how she had to really step out of this role and kind of get herself together because it was so emotionally taxing. so i absolutely think natalie portman's going to take this tonight. >> she was great. i saw this movie. i really liked it. i don't -- the ending still throws me off a little bit. it's like an "inception" ending. i don't know if you've seen it. >> i know. >> let's go over the guys. colin firth, jesse eisenberg, james franco, who's also co-hosting tonight. javier bardem. and jeff bridges. >> it's colin firth.
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and that's another definitive answer. just because he's been sweeping the awards. the academy really loves this film. he's also been an actor who's been around for a while. so sometimes the academy gives this award based on their body of work and not just their performance. so i think it's definitely colin firth's night. and i think it's warranted. he did an amazing job in this role. >> the academy likes bio pics, right? >> and period pieces. >> and that's it right there. even the queen, right? because she makes a few cameos there as a young girl. >> she does. >> she gave it a thumbs up. left talk about best supporting actress. controversy about this category. amy adams, heja bonham carter, who's great in "the king's speech." melissa leo, "the fighter." hailey steinfeld. >> yeah. >> and then last but not least jacki weaver. >> this category's interesting to me because there could be a huge upset. melissa leo and amy adams will probably split the vote for "the fighter." they were amazing in that. however, it's going to go to
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hailee steinfeld who is a 14-year-old from "true grit." and i think she'll be one of the youngest people to ever win the academy award. >> i love when you say it's going to go -- all these things are like locked. >> i have been talking about this for weeks and studying these performances. i've seen all these movies. and this is just -- i'm pretty positive this is the way it's going to go. >> best supporting actor? >> christian bale. i mean, did you see "the fighter"? >> i have not seen "the fighter." >> this is something you need to see because again, he transforms himself. and he's absolutely stunning in this role. people who've seen this movie actually didn't even know it was him when he stepped on screen. you know, we saw him in "batman" when he was this kind of studly muscly type of guy. and he really transformed himself to create a character that's memorable and people really love him in this. >> plus when he's that malnutritious and he's got to remember all those lines. you've got to give him credit for that. >> and there's boxing in it too. >> i wouldn't be able to remember anything. except where's my next protein drink. >> exactly. true. >> let's go over the ten best picture nominations.
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because this for me is where it gets a bit confusing, maybe everyone at home, too, because they just expanded this category not so long ago. >> they did. >> so does this make the good ones really shine? >> it does. and these pictures were nominated not only because they were fantastic but a lot of it has to do with the box office because the academy wanted to draw viewers into the telecast. so they're saying, well, if everyone's seen this movie -- >> the popularity. >> -- why don't we nominate it? but i definitely think it's going to be "the king's speech" and that will definitely sweep the awards. and they have 12 nominations. so they're going to walk away with a bundle. >> it really is a great movie. >> it's a great movie. great story. >> fantastic movie. so we look forward to tonight. we're going to definitively know going into it a lot of these are already locked up, but there probably will be some surprise. >> in definitely will be some surprises. like i said, the best supporting actress is one to look at. >> and that's at the top, right? >> right out of the gate. >> amy, thanks so much. we appreciate it. >> thank you. >> what the budget battle in
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welcome back, everybody. iraq's largest oil refinery remains shut down after a militant attack. this happened saturday north of baghdad. gunmen stormed the facility and set off bombs. one guard was killed. the attack comes at a time when iraqis are already suffering through power shortages and long lines at the gas pumps. a clash between police and some 15,000 anti-government protesters in croatia. the protesters threw bricks and stones at police, who responded with tear gas on saturday. many croats blame the government for economic hardship as well as alleged corruption. a winter balloon festival is under way right now in poland. take a look at this. 21 balloon teams taking part in this event. one organizer says he hopes the festival will get more people interested in winter ballooning. all right. so all month long msnbc has been spotlighting the's 100 history makers in the making.
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today we take a look at viola davis. joining me is david wilson managing editor of why viola davis? well, don't say why viola davis because she's fantastic. we love her. >> we all love her. >> give us some reason why you guys wanted to give her such a forum, such a showcase. >> well, she's a great actress, to put it simply. she's a tony award winner. she is obviously a beautiful woman, but she's not a classic hollywood beauty. but she's making it because she's simply just a great actress. and we also love the fact that she's been very vocal about the need to create more roles. good roles for african-americans in hollywood. so we had our jeff johnson sit down with her just this past week to talk to her about just that. >> it starts with having a sense of excellence about what you do and not embrace mediocrity. i think it happens absolutely across the board.
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no matter what the race is. but i think that we have a tendency to embrace it because we're so hungry for our own images, we don't care what it is. >> she's great, though. i do like her a lot. >> absolutely. >> she's a powerful figure. >> and she's not the only one who's been talking about the need to create more roles for african-americans. regina king has been talking about it. angela bassett has been talking about it. we had our digital reporter todd johnson talk with anthony mackey, another actor who's in "the adjustment bureau" that's coming out, talk about this very same issue. >> i think the barriers have been broken down. i think right now we're being kind of lazy on our game. there are enough brothers with distribution deals and production deals where we should be making our own movies. >> in you go. there you have it. we just had on amy palmer talking about the oscars
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tonight. in recent years we have seen many african-americans taking home oscars. just last year the actress monique walked away with best supporting actress. gaby sidibe was also nominated for her role in the same movie, which was "precious," for best actress. halle berry, denzel washington, jennifer hudson, these were all winners in recent years. tonight, though, not a lot of african-americans that have been nominated. >> no one, actually. so i mean, that's obviously something that a lot of african-americans are disappointed in. you want to see yourself reflected. look, there -- >> were the roles there, though, over this past year for certain performances to really make the -- you know, the pinnacle of what the oscars are? >> and that's the other half of the argument. a lot of folks are saying no, there weren't the roles there. that's why you're seeing anthony mackey and viola davis saying we need to start creating our own roles. so are while there has been progress a lot of people are saying it's time for african-americans in the industry to step is it up and start creating. there's a number of folks with as mackey said deals and cash
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who could create these roles for us. >> continue to pave the way. >> absolutely. >> david, great to see you. >> thanks for having me. >> to see more of the list which includes msnbc anchor tamron hall, who's great, media mogul oprah win friday, you can head over to it is a great site. great work this month, too. travel alert. the photo fakeouts some resorts are using to bring in you, the customer. and if you feel like the world is moving a little too fast these days, you are in good company. how the deluge of information out there may be making it harder for you to think clearly as well as creatively. ♪ i thought it was over here... ♪ [car horn honks] our outback always gets us there... ... sometimes it just takes us a little longer to get back.
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so have you ever had brain freeze? and not the headache that you get from eating or drinking something cold. we're talking about information overload. in this week's edition of "newsweek" new research suggests the massive information we take in on a daily basis has a neurological impact that can
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affect your ability to make basic decisions. i'm joined by "newsweek's" science editor sharon begley. sharon, great to have you here. good to see you. >> thank you. >> let's get down to this. you call it brain freeze. and just so we don't confuse ice cream eaters out there or people who like frostees at wendy's, this has nothing to do with it. or the slurpee. explain what exactly is the brain freeze? >> this is the phenomenon in which you are so deluged with information, whether it's your blackberry, your e-mails, your i.m. or facebook posts, you that simply are not able to make a decision. and when you do make a decision it often turns out to be one you'll regret. >> is this really a neurological glitch? >> well, it is. and thank goodness the scientists have put people who are trying to make decisions in brain imaging tubes. these are fmri tubes. and they give them tasks in which they have to weigh a lot of information and then act on it. these are sort of lab setups. so they're not true life decisions. and what they find is that a particular region of the brain right behind the forehead starts to get more and more active as
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it takes in more information. but then there's a tipping point and at some point there's so much information that that region of the brain literally shuts down. >> you debt fried. so it seems like an overnight phenomenon. but this suggests information overload and that multiple sources are responsible and it's not from studying too hard. >> studying we still are in favor of, yes. >> okay. studying is good. but can it affect speech? can it affect how you're properly putting together -- because this would be great for me because sometimes that happens for me here on set where it's hard to put together or find the exact word you want to do. is that something i can lay my hat on here? >> well, and i see your blackberry is right there. so i'm afraid you're suggesting yourself to more than you perhaps readily need. yes, there are effects on performance. and what you have to do therefore is just sometimes shut it off. >> what? >> unthinkable. >> no. can't do that. these days, though, as we talk about, the blackberry and we talk about the fact that people
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are on facebook, they are on twitter, social media itself. years ago we really weren't as plugged in as we are now. so is that the best advice, is to give yourself that respite of time to allow yourself to disconnect? >> well, it really is. if you're the kind of person who also has his or her blackberry on and you're seeing messages arrive in real time, that can be very detrimental. again, especially to decision-making. there's a fascinating phenomenon of the brain. it's called the recency effect. in which give much more credence, we give much more weight to something that arrived just then as opposed to something that arrived earlier. so if the last facebook post that you saw, the last e-mail that arrived, says one thing, you're going to rely on that whereas in fact there might have been better advice, better information earlier on. the brain has forgotten that. >> but for those of us that, you know, do rely on this so heavily but want to maintain and still be good multitaskers, what is the best way to break some of these addictive tendencies? >> instead of having it on all the time, just set aside a few
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blocks of times for checking your e-mail as opposed to being accessible all the time. so when your boss is angry that you haven't answer at 2:03 a.m. you can blame it on me. and similarly, just tell yourself that there's wheat and there's chaff out there in information and you have to just sometimes step back and figure out which is which. >> about the substance. that's for sure. i promise i will not look at my blackberry during this next commercial break. baby steps, right? >> one at a time. >> sharon, thanks so much. we've got new developments to talk about in the charlie sheen saga. he's doing a new network interview. so what's he talking about? what will it reveal? and we invite you to watch our exciting new line-up tomorrow right here on msnbc. "daily rundown" starts at 9:00 a.m. followed by "jansing & company" at 10:00. i'll be with you at 11:00 a.m. followed by contessa brewer at noon. then andrea mitchell reports at 1:00 p.m. news nation with tamron hall at 2:00. and we welcome martin bashir's new show beginning at 3:00. [ groans ] [ marge ] psst.
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